Anne of Austria (1601-66) was queen of France from 1615-43. She was born an infanta of Spain (but from the House of Hapsburg, hence the “of Austria”). She married Louis XIII of France in 1615, and the two were hot and cold throughout their marriage due to Louis being weird, several miscarriages, and politics, as Anne became involved in the political opposition to Louis’s minister, Cardinal Richelieu. A war between France and Spain didn’t help things.
Anne finally gave birth to the long-sought heir, the future Louis XIV, in 1638. Things remained strained with the king until his death in 1643.
During the minority kingship of her son, Anne served as regent, from 1643-51. Her chief minister was Cardinal Mazarin, and there was all kinds of gossip about the two being lovers and even married. Anne lived her final years in a convent.
Anne of Austria has made it to screen a number of times, thanks in large part to adaptations of Alexandre Dumas’s novel, The Three Musketeers (1844) and its sequels, in which there’s a lot of protecting the queen and her honor. Let’s look at the many appearances of Queen Anne on screen!
Mary MacLaren in The Three Musketeers (1921)
The first of a million.
Andrée Lafayette in Three Musketeers (1932)
A French feature film, and the first sound version of the Musketeers story.
Gladys Cooper in At Sword’s Point (1952)
The children of the Three Musketeers are reunited to “halt the villainy of her treacherous nephew,” per Wikipedia.
Katharina Renn in The Taking of Power by Louis XIV (1966)
A French TV film about Louis XIV’s rise to power — i.e. coming out from under his mother’s thumb.
Geraldine Chaplin in The Three Musketeers (1973) & The Four Musketeers (1974)
Highly successful feature films.
Brenda Bruce in The Man in the Iron Mask (1977)
A TV film adaptation of another of Dumas’s novels, this one The Vicomte de Bragelonne, about a secret (fictional) twin of Louis XIV.
Alisa Freyndlikh in D’artagnan and Three Musketeers (1979)
A Soviet musical miniseries.
Geraldine Chaplin in The Return of the Musketeers (1989)
A sequel to the 1973-74 films.
Carmen Maura in Louis, enfant roi (1993)
A French film about the Fronde, a series of civil wars in France between 1648-53; opposition to child-king Louis XIV centered around taxation issues and attempts to limit the king’s power, but Louis eventually won, leading to absolutely monarchy in France.
Gabrielle Anwar in The Three Musketeers (1993)
A feature film.
Anne Parillaud in The Man in the Iron Mask (1998)
Another feature film!
Colette Emmanuelle in Le roi danse (2000)
A French film about composer Lully and his relationship with Louix XIV, Molière, and composer Robert Cambert.
Alessandra Martines in The Queen & the Cardinal (2009)
A French TV movie about Anne and her supposed love affair with Cardinal Mazarin, on-and-off chief minister of France during this period.
Juno Temple in The Three Musketeers (2011)
How many feature film adaptations of this do we need? Many, apparently!
Alexandra Dowling in The Musketeers (2014-16)
The TV series that was a “gritty reboot” of the Musketeers story.
Rebecca Eady in DC’s Legends of Tomorrow (2016)
I really don’t understand how Anne of Austria showed up in a TV series about superheroes (okay, there’s time travel involved), but read about it at the relevant fan wiki and let me know if you can understand it better than me.
Dominique Blanc in Versailles (2015-18)
Queen Anne shows up in what I presume are flashbacks to Louis XIV’s childhood in this TV series about the adult king and his chateau and political power plays.
Vicky Krieps in The Three Musketeers: D’Artagnan (2023)
A very recent French feature film, which I will be watching because Louis Garrel. I’ll report back!
Which is your favorite portrayal of Anne of Austria in frock flicks?